Отношения в семье, где есть алкоголик

Отношения в семье, где есть алкоголик

Алкоголизм — колоссальная проблема современного общества. Трудно найти человека, который не выпивает хотя бы на выходных, но когда это превращается в зависимость, то становится трагедией не только для самого алкоголика, но и для всей его семьи. Огромное количество разводов, конфликтов и даже случаев рукоприкладства происходит на фоне принятия спиртного. Так как же выстраивать отношения в семье, где есть зависимый человек, и стоит ли это делать?

Типы алкоголиков

Алкоголизм считается болезнью, которая влияет не только на физическое здоровье человека, но и на психическое. Порой она способно из родного и близкого превратить в настоящего монстра. Необходимо применять комплексное лечение алкоголизма.

Психологи выделяют 2 основные группы алкоголиков:

1) «тихие». Они выпивают по-тихому, зачастую даже тайно, не причиняя никакого дискомфорта семье. Это приводит к тому, что близкие долгое время не догадываются о проблеме, а это ведет к тому, что регулярная выпивка превращается в болезнь;

2) неврастеники. Такие люди становятся невероятно агрессивными после принятия спиртного и способны весь свой гнев вымещать на родственниках.

В свою очередь, проблема алкоголизма влияет в целом на климат в семье, нарушая психологическое состояние тех, кто находится в близких отношениях с зависимым человеком.

У них можно наблюдать:

  • Склонность к депрессии. Невозможно не лишиться хорошего настроя, наблюдая, как близкому человеку плохо. А если он еще и отказывается лечиться, это и вовсе превращается в замкнутый круг;
  • Чувство вины. Большинство мучает вопрос — «а в чем же я виноват, что пришлось столкнуться с этой проблемой? А, может, это я виноват, что никак не могу помочь»? И даже, если разрыв отношений с алкоголиком произойдет, чувство вины никуда не денется, а окружение будет его еще и подпитывать, мол, бросили человека в беде;
  • Агрессия к окружающим. Невозможность решить проблему зачастую приводит к непониманию, обиде и агрессии, которые человек пытается сорвать на других.

Не только сами алкоголики, но и его родственники, в большинстве случаев, нуждаются в психологической помощи.

Советы, как вести себя с алкоголиком

Многие больные алкоголизмом не желают признавать, что у них есть проблемы, в таком случае родным рекомендуется:

  • Не вступать с ними в конфликты и не вести разговоры об этом, когда человек находится в состоянии алкогольного опьянения;
  • Не устраивать жесткого контроля, не отбирать денежные средства и не выливать спиртные напитки на глазах у алкоголика, это может вызвать в нем лишь злость, что приведет к очередному конфликту;
  • Не потакать каждому его желанию, приводя его в себя после очередного запоя. Большинство больных зависимостью не желают брать на себя ответственность за свои поступки, а такое отношение к ним окружающих позволяет и дальше продолжать выпивать — «ничего страшного, меня поймут и пожалеют»;
  • Не угрожать разрывом отношений, помнить, что алкоголизм — это болезнь, и даже под страхом быть брошенным человек не всегда в состоянии сам с ней бороться;
  • В трезвом состоянии регулярно проводить беседы и пытаться убедить близкого человека, что он нуждается в помощи специалистов.
  • Если же больной признал, что такая проблема у него существует, то близкие должны вести себя следующим образом:

  • Не жалеть алкоголика. Он сильный и самодостаточный человек, который способен справиться со сложившейся ситуацией;
  • Попытаться ограничить его общение с прежним окружением и какое-то время не посещать праздники и события, где может быть спиртное;
  • Посетить психолога совместно, чтобы обговорить проблемы в семье, ведь доказано — большинство людей начинают выпивать из-за того, что отношения с близкими людьми не складываются;
  • Придумать некий «бонус» за пройденное лечение. Например, пообещать совместную поездку на отдых, если больной согласится пройти все этапы медицинской помощи;
  • Стать поддержкой для человека, который пожелал излечиться. Необходимо помнить, что алкогольная зависимость лечится, а помощь и понимание родных в этот момент будут бесценны.
  • Источник: medvesti.com
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